Bedford Primary School

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Grammar Skills

In Year 4 we have been very busy learning how to use different sentences and are trying extremely hard to include these in our writing.  Please find examples of each sentence below, to help you practice them at home!


Expanded noun phrase


An expanded noun phrase is where we include two adjectivesseparated by a comma, before a noun; for example;


The venomousvile witch


The ancientovergrown forest


Show not tell


Instead of telling our reader how a character is feeling, we use show not tell phrases to show them; for example;



My lips quivered

My hands trembled

The hairs on the back of my neck stood up on end

An shiver tingled down my spine



My stomach was tied in knots

My head was spinning with questions

A wave of aprehension engulfed me


Fronted adverbials


fronted adverbial starts a sentence and tells us either when, how or where. We always follow a fronted adverbial with a comma; for example;


Swiftly, Jub hurried through the forest to collect the happy endings.


Unfortunately, The witch stole the happy endings from Jub.


In the dark, gloomy night sky, the moon cast eerie shadows on the ground.


Subordinate Clauses


To add more detail or information to our sentences we can add in a subordinate clause to our main clause.  We always put a comma before and after a subordinate clause; for example;


The witchwho had eyes as black as coalspat at Jub.


The witchwho had yellow and black stained teethsnarled at jub.